"Silent sentinel" Alison Turnbull Hopkins at the White House on New Jersey Day. Library of Congress,
1917 Jan. 30
Summary: Photograph of Alison Turnbull Hopkins with banner, "Mr. President How long must women wait for liberty," picketing for suffrage outside White House gate. Title derived by Library of Congress staff. Photograph published in The Suffragist, 5, no. 56 (Feb. 7, 1917): 4. Caption reads: "New Jersey Day: Mrs. J.A.H. Hopkins heading the line". Photograph illustration in story "Fourth Week of the White House Guard."
Follow this Brief Timeline of the National Woman's Party 1912-1997 from EDSITEment-reviewed American Memory Project (Library of Congress) back to 1917 when this photograph was taken. There we find on March 4th "more than 1,000 women marched around the White House in icy, driving rain on eve of President Wilson’s second inauguration." On the cusp of WWI, EDSITEment lesson directs students research in archival material from 19th and early 20th century arguments for and against women's suffrage.
The timeline goes on to note a seminal event that occurred on April 2nd of that same year (1917) while the federal woman suffrage amendment was being reintroduced in House of Representatives, Jeannette Rankin of Montana, the first woman elected to Congress, formally joined the House of Representatives. Learn more about this trailblazing Congresswoman who took office before women even had the right the vote!! through Women in Congress website.
Move the clock forward to today to hear President Obama issue his annual proclamation officially commemorating Women's History Month 2012:
As Americans, ours is a legacy of bold independence and passionate belief in fairness and justice for all. For generations, this intrepid spirit has driven women pioneers to challenge injustices and shatter ceilings in pursuit of full and enduring equality. During Women's History Month, we commemorate their struggles, celebrate centuries of progress, and reaffirm our steadfast commitment to the rights, security, and dignity of women in America and around the world....
The president goes on to "call upon all Americans to observe this month and to celebrate International Women's Day on March 8, 2012, with appropriate programs, ceremonies, and activities that honor the history, accomplishments, and contributions of American women. He "invites all Americans to visit www.WomensHistoryMonth.gov to learn more about the generations of women who have shaped our history."
The Library of Congress portal to National History Months is a partnership EDSITEment colloaborates on with several other government organizations. This March 2012 devoted to Women's History Month you'll find current resources such as NEH funded PBS educational interactive game Mission US latest episode, Flight to Freedom.
In this resource, students can become Lucy King, a 14 year old slave in Kentucky and make decisions to search for a path to freedom...also on this site students can engage in the new Think Fast! About the Past to test their speed and understanding of this historical period. There is a helpful Mission 2 Educator Guide for teachers to go along with the game.
For a snapshot of where America is today regarding women's progress turn to data from the US Census:
US Census Bureau Facts for Features Profile for America, Women's History Month: March 2012
For a journey back through time to experience personal and public events from women's unique perspectives open:
EDSITEment's new feature Women's History Month which highlights multiple resources lessons, websites, interactives in 2012 year's theme, Women's Empowerment:
- Women in the Capital: Empowerment through Politics
- Women Writers: Empowerment through the Pen
- Women’s Writing: Empowerment through Coming of Age
- Women’s Creativity: Empowerment through the Arts
- Women’s Equality: Empowerment through Social and Political Struggle
- Women’s Military and Civilian Service: Empowerment through Wartime
- Women in American History and Culture
- Women in World History and Culture